Share
HTML Layouts

HTML Layouts

Web page layout is very important to make your website look good.

Design your webpage layout very carefully.


Website Layouts

Most websites have put their content in multiple columns (formatted like a magazine or newspaper).

Multiple columns are created by using <div> or <table> elements. CSS are used to position elements, or to create backgrounds or colorful look for the pages.

Even though it is possible to create nice layouts with HTML tables, tables were designed for presenting tabular data – NOT as a layout tool!

 


HTML Layouts – Using <div> Elements

The div element is a block level element used for grouping HTML elements.

The following example uses five div elements to create a multiple column layout, creating the same result as in the previous example:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body><div id=”container” style=”width:500px”><div id=”header” style=”background-color:#FFA500;”>
<h1 style=”margin-bottom:0;”>Main Title of Web Page</h1></div>

<div id=”menu” style=”background-color:#FFD700;height:200px;width:100px;float:left;”>
<b>Menu</b><br>
HTML<br>
CSS<br>
JavaScript</div>

<div id=”content” style=”background-color:#EEEEEE;height:200px;width:400px;float:left;”>
Content goes here</div>

<div id=”footer” style=”background-color:#FFA500;clear:both;text-align:center;”>
Copyright © Euroinformatica.ro</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


The HTML code above will produce the following result:

Main Title of Web Page

Menu
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
Content goes here
Copyright © Euroinformatica.ro

 


HTML Layouts – Using Tables

A simple way of creating layouts is by using the HTML <table> tag.

Multiple columns are created by using <div> or <table> elements. CSS are used to position elements, or to create backgrounds or colorful look for the pages.

Using <table> to create a nice layout is NOT the correct use of the element. The purpose of the <table> element is to display tabular data!

The following example uses a table with 3 rows and 2 columns – the first and last row spans both columns using the colspan attribute:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body><table width=”500″ border=”0″>
<tr>
<td colspan=”2″ style=”background-color:#FFA500;”>
<h1>Main Title of Web Page</h1>
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td style=”background-color:#FFD700;width:100px;”>
<b>Menu</b><br>
HTML<br>
CSS<br>
JavaScript
</td>
<td style=”background-color:#EEEEEE;height:200px;width:400px;”>
Content goes here</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td colspan=”2″ style=”background-color:#FFA500;text-align:center;”>
Copyright © Euroinformatica.ro</td>
</tr>
</table>

</body>
</html>


The HTML code above will produce the following result:

Main Title of Web Page

Menu
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
Content goes here
Copyright © Euroinformatica.ro

 


HTML Layout Tags

Tag Description
<div> Defines a section in a document (block-level)
<span> Defines a section in a document (inline)

3,270 total views, 1 views today

Leave a Comment