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HTML Tables

HTML Tables

HTML Table Example:

First Name Last Name Points
Jill Smith 50
Eve Jackson 94
John Doe 80
Adam Johnson 67

 


HTML Tables

Tables are defined with the <table> tag.

A table is divided into rows with the <tr> tag. (tr stands for table row)

A row is divided into data cells with the <td> tag. (td stands for table data)

A row can also be divided into headings with the <th> tag. (th stands for table heading)

The <td> elements are the data containers in the table.

The <td> elements can contain all sorts of HTML elements like text, images, lists, other tables, etc.

The width of a table can be defined using CSS.

Example

<table style=”width:300px”>
<tr>
<td>Jill</td>
<td>Smith</td>
<td>50</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Eve</td>
<td>Jackson</td>
<td>94</td>
</tr>
</table>

An HTML Table with a Border Attribute

If you do not specify a border style, the table will be displayed without borders.

Sometimes this can be useful but (most of the time) we want the borders.

A border can be adding using the border attribute:

Example

<table border=”1″ style=”width:300px”>
<tr>
<td>Jill</td>
<td>Smith</td>
<td>50</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Eve</td>
<td>Jackson</td>
<td>94</td>
</tr>
</table>
The border attribute is on its way out of the HTML standard.
It is better to use CSS.

 

Example

<style>
table,th,td
{
border:1px solid black;
}
</style>


Remember to define borders for both the table, and the table cells.


An HTML Table with Collapsed Borders

If you want the table border, and the table cells borders to collapse into one border, add border-collapse to your CSS.

Example

<style>
table,th,td
{
border-collapse:collapse
}
</style>

An HTML Table with Padding

If you do not specify padding, the table will be displayed without padding.

Sometimes this can be useful but (most of the time) we want padding.

To display a table with padding, use CSS to “style” the padding:

Example

<style>
table,th,td
{
border:1px solid black;
}
th,td
{
padding:5px;
}
</style>

HTML Table Headings

Headings are defined with the <th> tag.

All major browsers display headings as bold and centered.

Example

<table style=”width:300px”>
<tr>
<th>First</th>
<th>Last</th>
<th>Points</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Eve</td>
<td>Jackson</td>
<td>94</td>
</tr>
</table>


To left-justify your headings use CSS:

Example

th
{
text-align:left;
}

HTML Table Tags

Tag Description
<table> Defines a table
<th> Defines a header cell in a table
<tr> Defines a row in a table
<td> Defines a cell in a table
<caption> Defines a table caption
<colgroup> Specifies a group of one or more columns in a table for formatting
<col> Specifies column properties for each column within a <colgroup> element
<thead> Groups the header content in a table
<tbody> Groups the body content in a table
<tfoot> Groups the footer content in a table

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